Does Bible differentiate Ten commandments and ceremonial law (law of Moses)

1. Moral law written by God and Ceremonial law written by Moses 

Exodus 31:18, “And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God .”

Deuteronomy 31:9, “And Moses wrote this law .”

2. Moral law declared by God to people but ceremonial law declared by God to Moses 

Deuteronomy 4:36; 5:22, “Out of heaven he made thee to hear his voice, that he might instruct thee: …These words the LORD spake unto all your assembly in the mount out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness, with a great voice: and he added no more . And he wrote them in two tables of stone, and delivered them unto me.”

Notice the key word ‘He added no more’. God did not add ceremonial law to be a continuation of Moral law.
Exodus 33:9, “And it came to pass, as Moses entered into the tabernacle, the cloudy pillar descended, and stood at the door of the tabernacle, and the LORD talked with Moses .”

3. God distinguished Ten commandments and ceremonial law 

Deuteronomy 4:13-14, “And he declared unto you his covenant, which he commanded you to perform, even ten commandments; and he wrote them upon two tables of stone. And the Lord commanded me at that time to teach you statutes and judgments, that ye might do them in the land whither ye go over to possess it.”

2 Kings 21:8, “Neither will I make the feet of Israel move any more out of the land which I gave their fathers; only if they will observe to do according to all that I have commanded them, and according to all the law that my servant Moses commanded them

4. Moral law tells us what is sin. Mosaic law gives the penalty for breaking and ordinance to get forgiveness for sin. Constitutes ceremonies and civil law.
Daniel 9:11, “Yea, all Israel have transgressed thy law, even by departing, that they might not obey thy voice; therefore the curse is poured upon us, and the oath that is written in the law of Moses the servant of God.

5. Moral law was placed inside the ark as foundation for God’s presence but mosaic law was kept aside as witness against people 
Deuteronomy 31:24-26, “And it came to pass, when Moses had made an end of writing the words of this law in a book , until they were finished, That Moses commanded the Levites, which bare the ark of the covenant of the Lord, saying, Take this book of the law, and put it in the side of the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God, that it may be there for a witness against thee.”

Exodus 25:16, “And thou shalt put into the ark the testimony which I shall give thee.”

6. God made Moses to write mosaic law but did not made Moses to write ten commandments even after the tablets were broken by Moses.
Exodus 34:1, “Hew thee two tablets of stone like unto first; and I will write upon the tablets the words that were on the first tables , which thou didst break .”

Advertisements

Multiple laws in Bible

​There are more than one law in Bible

1. Moral law or Ten commandments 

The moral law or Ten commandments are given to entire mankind. 
Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man. Ecc 12.13 (Marginal)

God wrote the moral law with His own hand.
And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God. Exo 31.18

Only those keep the commandments will enter into heaven 
Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city. Rev 22.14
The moral law was kept even before it was given in written form to Moses
Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws. Gen 26.5

New testament believers need to keep the commandments 
 Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing, but the keeping of the commandments of God. 1 cor 7.19

2. Ceremonial laws or laws of Moses 

The second type of law is the ceremonial laws

It is written by Moses
And Moses wrote this law, and delivered it unto the priests the sons of Levi, which bare the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and unto all the elders of Israel. Deu 31.9

Law of Moses describes the punishment for breaking the ten commandments 

Yea, all Israel have transgressed thy law, even by departing, that they might not obey thy voice; therefore the curse is poured upon us, and the oath that is written in the law of Moses the servant of God, because we have sinned against him. Dan 9.11

Note what Daniel is says law of Moses has punishment for breaking laws of God. There are two laws here.

Mosaic law need not be kept by new testament believers as they point to Jesus.
Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing, but the keeping of the commandments of God. 1 cor 7.19

3. Law of sin

ROM 7 and 8 talks about law of sin and how this enslaves us to sin.
 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death. ROM 8.2.
For I delight in the law of God after the inward man: [23] But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members. [24] O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death? [25] I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then with the mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin. Rom 7.22-25.

4. Civil laws 

These were laws given to the nation of Israel.
These are not ceremonial laws but these are laws governing the civil aspects of the nation of Israel.
For example eye for an eye; tooth for a tooth are civil laws

5. Health laws
These laws are first given to Adam, Bible records Noah had an knowledge of it but it is first given in written form to Moses.
For example what to do be carcasses of animals, how to pass stool, what to do with lepers constitute the health laws.

The Old and New Covenant

 In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away. Hebrew 8:13

Covenant means agreement.

Old covenant was between God and Israelites. Mediator Moses..

New covenant is between God and spiritual Israelites. Mediator Christ.

In old covenant law was written by God in stone.

In new covenant law is written by God in our hearts

 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people: heb 8.10

But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the Lord, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. Jeremiah 31:33

In the old covenant Israelites made covenant with God to keep his laws but they didn’t follow it.

 They kept not the covenant of God, and refused to walk in his law;. PSA 78.10

The earth also is defiled under the inhabitants thereof; because they have transgressed the laws, changed the ordinance, broken the everlasting covenant. ISA 24.5

Set the trumpet to thy mouth. He shall come as an eagle against the house of the Lord, because they have transgressed my covenant, and trespassed against my law. Hos 8.1

So God has to make a new covenant with us the spiritual Israelites. This time God writes the law in our inwards parts. Law is written in our hearts. God gives a new Nature which keeps the law perfectly. We keep the law out of love not in a legalistic way.

Are God’s 10 Commandments Still Binding, Today for new covenant Christians?

Most Christians believe that the ten commandments are abolished in the cross or Christ made an end to it and new covenant Christians are not bound to it especially the 4th commandment.

 

I see that Bible has very strong evidence supporting the existence of Sabbath prior to Sinai and after Calvary. I will be covering this in a separate note.

 

Does Ten commandments bind the new covenant Christians.

 

I want to be clear in this “No man is justified by keeping the Law for we are all sinners and once breaking the Law then we are sure to punished by death” The soul that sinneth will die. Eze 18  Wages if sins is death. Rom 6:23

 

But Christ delivers us from the condemnation of breaking the Law for He took our punishment and died for our sins so we can live His life which only belongs to Him.

 

Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law. 1 John 3:4

 

Bibles defines sin as the act of breaking the Law. Also Rom 3:20 says us that “for by the law is the knowledge of sin”

 

Christ delivers us from the power of sin(act of breaking the Law) and the condemnation of breaking the law (which is death).   What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound?  God forbid. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein? Rom 6:1,2

 

If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. 1 John 1:9

 

Bible tells us that after being delivered from the power of sin and the condemnation of breaking the law Christ gives a renewed heart to every repented sinner.

 

This renewed mind delights to keep the law and in its very nature obeys the law of God. It is unlike the carnal mind which it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.

 

For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. Rom 8:6,7

 

The argument commonly given is the New covenant Christians have new commandments which says “Love thine God with all thine heart, with all thine mind and with all thine strength and Love thy neighbor as thy self”

 

But these 2 commandments are the summary of the Decalogue.

 

The first 4 commandments tells us about “loving God” and the next 6 commandments tells us about loving our neighbour.

 

For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. Rom 13:9

 

James, brother of the Lord, makes it very clear that the Decalogue is still binding.

 

In James 2 he writes If ye fulfil the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ye do well:

 

He also writes that if we break one of the ten commandments we will still be held guilty as breaking all the ten.

 

James 2: 10 For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all. 11For he that said, Do not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if thou commit no adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a transgressor of the law.

 

John in his vision sees a church which keeps the commandments even at the end of time.

 

And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ. Rev 12:17

 

 

Additional verses

 

And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments. He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him. 1 John 2:3,4

 

Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city. Rev 22:14

Did Cain and Abel had the knowledge of Ten commandments?

Cain and Abel had the knowledge of Ten commandments.

The key text to conclude this would be “Gen 4: 7 If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.”

Romans 3:20 for by the law is the knowledge of sin. (margin)

Bible tells us that by law is the knowledge of sin. Cain cannot be accused of doing sin if he has no knowledge of what is sin.

Also see Rom 7:7 What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet.

Also Cain and Abel had the knowledge of ceremonial system which points to Christ who would die as the penalty for their sin(breaking law). Abel acknowledged this and gave a animal sacrifice.

Young’s Literal Translation

And it cometh to pass at the end of days that Cain bringeth from the fruit of the ground a present to Jehovah; Gen 4:3.

At the end of days. Cain and Abel came to worship on the end of days i.e., 7th day. Cain and Abel also kept Sabbath

Also note:

Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws. Gen 26: 5 Until Sinai there was knowledge of commandments,laws and ceremonies. Even the patriarchs paid tithe.

Genesis 1-2-3 and Seventh Day Adventism

The first three chapters are sufficient to teach most Bible doctrines.

1. Marriage – is between one man and one woman

Gen 2:24  Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.

Also read: https://thegladtidings.wordpress.com/2012/08/25/does-god-approve-pre-marital-sex/

2. Hell – If you break commandment of God you will die (note God didnt say that the day you eat the fruit you will be put into hell and burn forever)

Gen 2:17  But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. 

Also refer: https://thegladtidings.wordpress.com/category/doctrines/hell-fire/

3. State of dead – when God breathed air into mans nostrils He became a living soul (living being). Note God didnt insert a soul into a body but breathed air.

Gen 2:7  And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.

“Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled: thou takest away their breaththey die, and return to their dust. Thou sendest forth thy spirit[breath], they are created: and thou renewest the face of the earth.” (Psalm 104:29-30).

Also refer https://thegladtidings.wordpress.com/category/doctrines/understanding-death/

4. Sabbath – God rested on the seventhday and He blessed that day and made it holy.

Gen 2:2-3  And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and He rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.  And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified itbecause that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.

Also refer https://thegladtidings.wordpress.com/category/doctrines/sabbath/

5. Commandments – God commanded man not to eat the fruit. If you obey Gods commandment you live otherwise you die.

Gen 2:17  But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. 

Also refer: https://thegladtidings.wordpress.com/category/doctrines/law/

6. Vegetarian diet- God gave plants as food for man.

Gen 1:29  And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to youit shall be for meat. 

Isa 65:25  The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, and the lion shall eat straw like the bullock: and dust shall be the serpent’s meat. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain, saith the LORD.

https://thegladtidings.wordpress.com/category/ellen-white/vegetarian-diet/

7. Country living – God placed man in a beautiful garden.

https://thegladtidings.wordpress.com/category/ellen-white/country-living/

Gen 2:8  And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the manwhom he had formed.

8. Sanctuary – God taught that Christ will die for  mans sin by killing the lamb after man’s sin

Gen 3:21  Unto Adam also and to his wife did the LORD God make coats of skins, and clothed them.

9. Righteousnes by Faith-  Man tried to clothe himself with fig leaves but God clothed man with an animals skin i.e., He taught that man cannot the nakedness of his sin by his own works but only with the righteousness of Jesus.

Gen 3:7  And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons.  Gen 3:21  Unto Adam also and to his wife did the LORD God make coats of skins, and clothed them.

10. Sunday Law

God told Man that there will be enmity between the church and the serpent and serprent will try to destroy the seed of the woman (church)

Gen 3:15  And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

Rev 12:17  And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ. 

11. Trinity

Gen 1:26  And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. Gen 3:22  And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever:

Which Commandments does John talks about in 1 John

Some of my non adventist brethren quote 1John 3:22-24 and say that John is not talking about the decalogue in his epistle. But a careful reading of the entire epistle shows that John is talking about the Decalogue including the 7th day Sabbath.

Apostle Paul tells us that Love is the fulfillment of the Law. Without love we cannot fulfill the law. He also tells us that to say love thy neighbour is the summary of last six commandments in the Ten Commandments.

Rom 13:8,9 Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law.For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.

The same thing was told by the Lawyer to the Lord as answer to his question. Luk 10:25-27 And, behold, a certain lawyer stood up, and tempted him, saying, Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal

life? He said unto him, What is written in the law? how readest thou? And he answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself.

The first 4 commandments in the Decalogue can be summarized into “Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength” and the last 6 commandments can be summmarized as “love thy neighbour as thyself”

With this in mind let us see which commandment does John refers to.

1Jn 3:22-24 And whatsoever we ask, we receive of him, because we keep his commandments, and do those things that are pleasing in his sight. And this is his commandment, That we should believe on the name of his Son Jesus Christ, and love one another, as he gave us commandment. And he that keepeth his commandments dwelleth in him, and he in him. And hereby we know that he abideth in us, by the Spirit which he hath given us.

In both verse 22,24 John uses the plural word ‘commandments’ so he not talking about only one commandment here rather more than one commandment.

From 1Jn 4:20-21 we can see that John is talking about the entire decalogue.

If a man say, I love God, and hateth his brother, he is a liar: for he that loveth not his brother whom he hath seen, how can he love God whom he hath not seen? And this commandment have we from him, That he who loveth God love his brother also.

John asks how can we love God (keep the first 4 commandments) if we do not love our neighbour (keeping last 6 commandments).

Also He writes 1Jn 5:21 Little children, keep yourselves from idols. Amen.

Magnified or abolished?

The LORD is well pleased for his righteousness’ sake; he will magnify the law, and make it honourable. Isa 42:21

Many teach that Jesus came to abolish the law. Did He?

Bible says he came to magnify the law and make it honorable.

How did He magnify it?

26Verily I say unto thee, Thou shalt by no means come out thence, till thou hast paid the uttermost farthing. 27Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not commit adultery: 28But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart. 21Ye have heard that it was said of them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment: 22But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire. Matthew 5

Also it says He made it honorable.

17Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. 18For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. 19Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:17-19

(REMEMBER WHOEVER BREAK ONE OF THESE COMMANDMENTS AND TEACH MEN TO DO SO SHALL BE CALLED THE LEAST IN THE KINGDOM OF GOD)

Some say to fulfill is to cease it from existence but please see the below verses to see how Jesus fulfills all righteousness.

13Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to Jordan unto John, to be baptized of him.
14But John forbad him, saying, I have need to be baptized of thee, and comest thou to me? 15And Jesus answering said unto him, Suffer it to be so now: for thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness. Then he suffered him. Matthew 3:13-15

Finally how to get eternal life:
=====================

25And, behold, a certain lawyer stood up, and tempted him, saying, Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life? 26He said unto him, What is written in the law? how readest thou? 27And he answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself. 28And he said unto him, Thou hast answered right: this do, and thou shalt live. Luke 10:25-28

Which Law are you talking about?

Do you know there are multiple laws in Bible? Moral Law, Ceremonial Law, Civil  Laws, Criminal laws, Health Laws, Law of Sin (Rom 7)

When Paul is talking about Law we need to see the context and identify which law he is talking about.

Gen 26:5 Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.

Rom 3:31 Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.

1 Cor 7:19 Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing, but the keeping of the commandments of God.

For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin. For I delight in the law of God after the inward man: I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then with the mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin. Rom 7:14,22, 25

Rev 22:14 Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.

1 John 3:4 Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.

For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all. For he that said, Do not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if thou commit no adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a transgressor of the law. So speak ye, and so do, as they that shall be judged by the law of liberty James 2:10 – 12

And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments. He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him. 1 John 2: 3-4

THE ABOVE VERSES TALK ABOUT THE MORAL LAW (TEN COMMANDMENTS)

Eph 2:15 Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances (ceremonies); for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace;

(ceremonies is added by me)

Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross; Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ. Col 2:14, 17

The above verses talk about CEREMONIAL LAW which are shadow of ministration of Christ as sacrificial priest.

Now let us hear the wise man speaking

Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man.  Ecc 12:13

Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com.

Up ↑