Godhead study 7: Holy Ghost – a person or power

The identity of Holy Ghost is challenged by the non trinitarians claiming that He is force or presence of God.

There are lot of unambiguous evidence in scriptures which proves that Holy Spirit is a person very much as the Father and Son.

Three strongest statements on the belief of three person Godhead are below:

Go ye therefore, and teach j all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost Mat 28:19

The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion i of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen. 2 Cor 13:14

For there are three that bear record b in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one. 1 John 5:7 (some Bible translations from corrupted manuscripts do not have it. These manuscripts are rejected by early church as corrupted)

Some other verses which are very much unambiguous in proving the person of Holy Ghost.

Evidence 1:

Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come. He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it unto you. John 16:13,14 (Emphasis by me)

Holy Spirit….

a) doesn’t speak of Himself
b) Hears
c) speaks
d) glorify another person
e) receives from someone

These qualities show that Holy Ghost is a person not power or presence.

Evidence 2:

And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: John 16:8

He reproves the world

Evidence 3

And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption. Ephesians 4:30

He can be grieved

Evidence 4

And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, d that he may abide with you for ever; John 14:16

He is another comforter like Jesus. The Greek word used for ‘another’ means another being of same kind or species.

Evidence 5

Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered. Rom 8:26

He intercedes on behalf of humans. A power or presence cannot speak on behalf of somebody.

Evidence 6

But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the price of the land? Acts 5:3

He can be lied to. Can you lie to a power or presence.

Evidence 7

But all these worketh that one and the selfsame Spirit, dividing h to every man severally as he will. 1 Cor 12:11

Holy Spirit has His own will.

Evidence 8

He directs and instructs men

Then the Spirit said unto Philip, Go near, and join thyself to this chariot. Acts 8:29

While Peter thought on the vision, the Spirit said unto him, Behold, three men seek thee. Acts 10:19

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Godhead study 6: Jesus the Almighty God

Key text: I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. Rev 1:8

Christ is the Lord who was, who is and who is going to come; Christ is talking here not the Father as watch tower society teaches.

Jesus and His Omnipresence:

Philip findeth Nathanael, and saith unto him, We have found him, of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets, did write, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph. And Nathanael said unto him, Can there any good thing come out of Nazareth? Philip saith unto him, Come and see. Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and saith of him, Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile! Nathanael saith unto him, Whence knowest thou me? Jesus answered and said unto him, Before that Philip called thee, when thou wast under the fig tree, I saw thee. Nathanael answered and saith unto him, Rabbi, thou art the Son of God; thou art the King of Israel. John 1: 45-49

Jesus could see Nathaniel even though He was physically present somewhere else in His body.

Please note: Christ during His incarnation limited His Almighty nature and used it only at the will of His Father.

For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them. Mat 18:20

Jesus can be present everywhere and hence He promises to be present when people gather in His name.

Jesus and His Omniscience:

But Jesus did not commit himself unto them, because he knew all men, And needed not that any should testify of man: for he knew what was in man. John 2:24, 25

Bible says Jesus knows everything.

And Jesus, perceiving the thought of their heart, Luke 9:47 (marginal)

Jesus and His Omnipotence:

…and by him all things consist. Col 1: 17 (marginal)

.. upholding all things by the word of his power.. Heb 1:3 (marginal)

Bible says everything in the universe functions by the power of Christ.

Godhead Study 5: Commonly Misunderstood Verses

a) First Born

Col 1:15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature (KJV)

The preposition ‘of’ suggests that Jesus is a created being. But we need to understand that the preposition is not there in the original Greek and was supplemented to complete the sentence.

Some translations render the word ‘over’ instead of ‘of’.

The Son is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation. NIV

Christ is the visible image of the invisible God. He existed before anything was created and is supreme over all creation NLT

How do we know that we should use over not of?

We have seen in lesson 4 that Bible is very clear on that Jesus is not a created being. Check my website for lesson 4 in case you missed it.

The word firstborn means the one who is having preminence.

And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the Lord, Israel is my son, even my firstborn: Exo 4:22

Also I will make him my firstborn, higher than the kings of the earth. Psalms 89: 27

Someone can be made into firstborn!

b) Begotten

Another misunderstood phrase is Jesus was begotten. In lesson 4 we saw that Bible is very clear that Jesus coexisting with Father since eternity.

Now we understand the term begotten.

Paul says he had begotten son.

I beseech thee for my son Onesimus, whom I have begotten in my bonds: Philemon 1:10

For though ye have ten thousand instructors in Christ, yet have ye not many fathers: for in Christ Jesus I have begotten you through the gospel. 1 Cor 4: 15

We can spiritually begot someone.

By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten son. Heb 11:17

Isaac is called Abraham’s only begotten son though he had 7 other sons.

How do we know Jesus was spiritually begotten for a purpose.

Bible tells us why Jesus is called begotten son. Read this carefully. You will Jesus is called begotten son for a reason.

God hath fulfilled the same unto us their children, in that He hath raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee. Acts 13:33

Jesus was begotten as son for the plan of salvation. The word begotten was fulfilled when Jesus was resurrected. Please read the above verse again.

In Psalms 2 we see the below sequence

v1-3, we see man’s sin. Humanity’s rebellion against God and Messiah (here Anointed)

v7-12, God declares His plan for humanity i.e., Jesus is begotten as son., higher than the kings of the earth. Psalms 89: 27

(All Emphasis on Bible Verses are by me)

Godhead Study 4: Was Jesus created or literally begotten?

Some Christians teach that Jesus was the first created being. Some Christians teach that Father alone existed in the beginning and Jesus was literally begotten by the Father into a new being.

Does Bible support those views?

Isa 48:12 Hearken unto me, O Jacob and Israel, my called; I am he; I am the first, I also am the last. (Emphasis by me)

The Old Testament God repeatedly claims that He is the first and He is the last. God created all things and nothing existed before God, hence He claims to be the first. Similarly everything is sustained by God. After Him there will be nothing hence He claims to be the last.

God alone can claim that He is first and last

In New Testament we see Jesus also making the same claim!

Rev 2:8 And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive (Emphasize by me)

Jesus also repeatedly claims in New Testament that He is the first and last.

If God created Jesus or literally begot Jesus then Jesus cannot be First; at the maximum Jesus can be second.

By claiming to be first and the last just like God of the old testament, Jesus tells us that He co-existed with God from eternity without any beginning.

Let us see another verse which makes it very clear.

John 1:3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.

It says all created things are created by Jesus. There is no created thing which is not created by Jesus. Logically it means Father did not create anything without Jesus; also logically Jesus is not a created being.

Godhead Study 3: Is Jesus God?

We need to understand that the word god is not a name of a person but it is title given to a person like King or President.

God is also name given to a being who possesses these things omniscient, omnipresent and omnipresence. To make it clearer, it is name of a species like man, lion or tiger.

Let us see the below three verses which helps us understand the term ‘god’.

Who, being in the *form of God*, thought it not robbery to be *equal with God* Phi 2:6

We see two things, Jesus is equal with a person called God (title of a particular individual) and Jesus is in the form of God (species of an individual).

In the beginning was the Word, and the *Word was with God*, and the *Word was God*. John 1:1

Jesus was with God (title of particular individual) and Jesus was (also) God (species of an individual belong to).

What is this title of an individual and species of an individual! Let us see the below verse which helps us to understand.

This is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made he him; Male and female created he them(mankind – species); and blessed them, and called their (notices the plurality) name Adam (name of the species both man and woman), in the day when they were created. Gen 5:1,2 (the words in brackets are mine)

Adam (which means man in Hebrew) is title of a person and also name of the species mankind.

Example:

Man – title of a person
Man – name of the species ( man and woman are collectively called man)

Lion – title of a male lion
Lion – name of the species (both lion and lioness are collectively called with their species name i.e., lion)

In summary the title God belongs to Father alone. But Jesus is also god not in title but as a being (He is not an angelic being or any other created being). Jesus is a self existing being just like the Father who has no beginning and end (we will see this in the next lesson)

Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ; Titus 2:13

And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life. 1 John 5:20

I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. Rev 1:8

For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. Isa 9:6

Godhead study 2: Does old testament support more than one person Godhead doctrine?

Evidence 1:

The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool. Psa 110:1

We see a messianic prophecy where God addressing Messiah whom David calls as Lord.

Evidence 2:

Come ye near unto me, hear ye this; I have not spoken in secret from the beginning; from the time that it was, there am I: and now the Lord God, and his Spirit, hath sent me. Isa 48:16

Jesus speaking here as the one who speaks from the beginning. He says God and His Spirit has sent Him.

Evidence 3:

And the Lord God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever: Gen 3:22

God speaking about man who became like one of them (plural).

Evidence 4:

For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. Isa 9:6

Another messianic prophecy where Messiah is called as both everlasting Father and mighty God.

Evidence 5:

But thou, Beth–lehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting. Micah 5:2

Messiah is from eternity who had no beginning.

Godhead study 1: Does Old Testament God has a son?

Muslims and Jews deny that God has a son. Do we have sufficient evidence in Old Testament to prove that God has a son?

Evidence 1:

Who hath ascended up into heaven, or descended? who hath gathered the wind in his fists? who hath bound the waters in a garment? *who hath established all the ends of the earth? what is his name, and what is his son’s name*, if thou canst tell? Pro 30:4 (Emphasis by me)

The above verse is talking about God (who has established all ends of the earth) and the says He has a son.

Evidence 2:

I will declare the decree: the Lord hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.
Kiss l the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him. Psa 2: 7, 12.

In verse 7 we that God declares someone as His son. Also this son cannot be a human or created being as we see in verse 12 that we are asked to trust in the son. Throughout Psalms we are asked to put our trust in God and not in man. Psalms 2.12 won’t contradict all other verses in Psalms which is asking us to put our Trust in God alone. So the son in verse 7 must be God.

Does Bible differentiate Ten commandments and ceremonial law (law of Moses)

1. Moral law written by God and Ceremonial law written by Moses 

Exodus 31:18, “And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God .”

Deuteronomy 31:9, “And Moses wrote this law .”

2. Moral law declared by God to people but ceremonial law declared by God to Moses 

Deuteronomy 4:36; 5:22, “Out of heaven he made thee to hear his voice, that he might instruct thee: …These words the LORD spake unto all your assembly in the mount out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness, with a great voice: and he added no more . And he wrote them in two tables of stone, and delivered them unto me.”

Notice the key word ‘He added no more’. God did not add ceremonial law to be a continuation of Moral law.
Exodus 33:9, “And it came to pass, as Moses entered into the tabernacle, the cloudy pillar descended, and stood at the door of the tabernacle, and the LORD talked with Moses .”

3. God distinguished Ten commandments and ceremonial law 

Deuteronomy 4:13-14, “And he declared unto you his covenant, which he commanded you to perform, even ten commandments; and he wrote them upon two tables of stone. And the Lord commanded me at that time to teach you statutes and judgments, that ye might do them in the land whither ye go over to possess it.”

2 Kings 21:8, “Neither will I make the feet of Israel move any more out of the land which I gave their fathers; only if they will observe to do according to all that I have commanded them, and according to all the law that my servant Moses commanded them

4. Moral law tells us what is sin. Mosaic law gives the penalty for breaking and ordinance to get forgiveness for sin. Constitutes ceremonies and civil law.
Daniel 9:11, “Yea, all Israel have transgressed thy law, even by departing, that they might not obey thy voice; therefore the curse is poured upon us, and the oath that is written in the law of Moses the servant of God.

5. Moral law was placed inside the ark as foundation for God’s presence but mosaic law was kept aside as witness against people 
Deuteronomy 31:24-26, “And it came to pass, when Moses had made an end of writing the words of this law in a book , until they were finished, That Moses commanded the Levites, which bare the ark of the covenant of the Lord, saying, Take this book of the law, and put it in the side of the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God, that it may be there for a witness against thee.”

Exodus 25:16, “And thou shalt put into the ark the testimony which I shall give thee.”

6. God made Moses to write mosaic law but did not made Moses to write ten commandments even after the tablets were broken by Moses.
Exodus 34:1, “Hew thee two tablets of stone like unto first; and I will write upon the tablets the words that were on the first tables , which thou didst break .”

Multiple laws in Bible

​There are more than one law in Bible

1. Moral law or Ten commandments 

The moral law or Ten commandments are given to entire mankind. 
Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man. Ecc 12.13 (Marginal)

God wrote the moral law with His own hand.
And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God. Exo 31.18

Only those keep the commandments will enter into heaven 
Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city. Rev 22.14
The moral law was kept even before it was given in written form to Moses
Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws. Gen 26.5

New testament believers need to keep the commandments 
 Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing, but the keeping of the commandments of God. 1 cor 7.19

2. Ceremonial laws or laws of Moses 

The second type of law is the ceremonial laws

It is written by Moses
And Moses wrote this law, and delivered it unto the priests the sons of Levi, which bare the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and unto all the elders of Israel. Deu 31.9

Law of Moses describes the punishment for breaking the ten commandments 

Yea, all Israel have transgressed thy law, even by departing, that they might not obey thy voice; therefore the curse is poured upon us, and the oath that is written in the law of Moses the servant of God, because we have sinned against him. Dan 9.11

Note what Daniel is says law of Moses has punishment for breaking laws of God. There are two laws here.

Mosaic law need not be kept by new testament believers as they point to Jesus.
Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing, but the keeping of the commandments of God. 1 cor 7.19

3. Law of sin

ROM 7 and 8 talks about law of sin and how this enslaves us to sin.
 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death. ROM 8.2.
For I delight in the law of God after the inward man: [23] But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members. [24] O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death? [25] I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then with the mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin. Rom 7.22-25.

4. Civil laws 

These were laws given to the nation of Israel.
These are not ceremonial laws but these are laws governing the civil aspects of the nation of Israel.
For example eye for an eye; tooth for a tooth are civil laws

5. Health laws
These laws are first given to Adam, Bible records Noah had an knowledge of it but it is first given in written form to Moses.
For example what to do be carcasses of animals, how to pass stool, what to do with lepers constitute the health laws.

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