Most Christians believe that the ten commandments are abolished in the cross or Christ made an end to it and new covenant Christians are not bound to it especially the 4th commandment.
I see that Bible has very strong evidence supporting the existence of Sabbath prior to Sinai and after Calvary. I will be covering this in a separate note.
Does Ten commandments bind the new covenant Christians.
I want to be clear in this “No man is justified by keeping the Law for we are all sinners and once breaking the Law then we are sure to punished by death” The soul that sinneth will die. Eze 18 Wages if sins is death. Rom 6:23
But Christ delivers us from the condemnation of breaking the Law for He took our punishment and died for our sins so we can live His life which only belongs to Him.
Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law. 1 John 3:4
Bibles defines sin as the act of breaking the Law. Also Rom 3:20 says us that “for by the law is the knowledge of sin”
Christ delivers us from the power of sin(act of breaking the Law) and the condemnation of breaking the law (which is death). What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound? God forbid. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein? Rom 6:1,2
If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. 1 John 1:9
Bible tells us that after being delivered from the power of sin and the condemnation of breaking the law Christ gives a renewed heart to every repented sinner.
This renewed mind delights to keep the law and in its very nature obeys the law of God. It is unlike the carnal mind which it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.
For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. Rom 8:6,7
The argument commonly given is the New covenant Christians have new commandments which says “Love thine God with all thine heart, with all thine mind and with all thine strength and Love thy neighbor as thy self”
But these 2 commandments are the summary of the Decalogue.
The first 4 commandments tells us about “loving God” and the next 6 commandments tells us about loving our neighbour.
For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. Rom 13:9
James, brother of the Lord, makes it very clear that the Decalogue is still binding.
In James 2 he writes If ye fulfil the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ye do well:
He also writes that if we break one of the ten commandments we will still be held guilty as breaking all the ten.
James 2: 10 For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all. 11For he that said, Do not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if thou commit no adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a transgressor of the law.
John in his vision sees a church which keeps the commandments even at the end of time.
And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ. Rev 12:17
And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments. He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him. 1 John 2:3,4
Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city. Rev 22:14